UK beats CO2 emissions targets again
The UK has once again beaten CO2 emissions targets, with the average new car in 2014 posting CO2 emissions 4.2 per cent below this year’s EU-wide target of 130g/km, according to a Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders (SMMT) new report.
The annual SMMT New Car CO2 Report 2015 reveals that carbon tailpipe emissions have fallen for the 17th consecutive year to an all-time low. In 2014, new cars averaged just 124.6g/km, beating last year’s record average by 2.9 per cent and 2007 levels by almost a quarter (24 per cent).
The shift to more efficient diesel and petrol engines has been critical to this success, while significant growth of the alternatively fuelled vehicles (AFV) market has also contributed. Sales of plug-in vehicles increased fourfold to 14,498 in 2014 and, for the first time, the UK surged ahead in Europe, registering more new plug-ins than any other country. By the end of the year, there were 52,000 AFVs, including hybrids, plug-ins and range extenders, on the road – a 58.1 per cent increase on 2013.
The New Car CO2 Report shows the huge impact the EU CO2 regulations, alongside significant UK government support, are having on emissions from all types of cars. In 2014, more than two thirds of new cars (68.6 per cent) met or fell under the 130g/km EU threshold, compared with just 0.9 per cent in 2000, with buyers of these cars benefitting from the £0 first year Vehicle Excise Duty (VED) rate.
However, this tremendous success raises questions about the future shape of taxation and incentives in the UK; questions that will be a priority for the next government. The SMMT has published a second report by the Centre for Economics and Business Research (CEBR), which explores the challenges that must be met to sustain further long-term reductions in CO2, while also continuing to deliver sufficient revenue to government.
With a strict new EU-wide CO2 target of 95g/km by 2020, much is at stake, and the CEBR report recommends a moderate and fair approach to reform to avoid undermining future uptake of the newest, cleanest cars. Demand for these vehicles must be maintained, alongside support for the development of the next generation of low carbon technology. SMMT is calling on the next government to work closely with industry when it reviews the motoring taxation regimes, to ensure balance, fairness and stability in the market, and to reflect industrial strategy ambitions.
Mike Hawes, SMMT Chief Executive, said: “The UK automotive sector has made enormous strides in cutting emissions across the board and should be proud of its achievements. However, there is a long way to go, and meeting ambitious targets in 2020 will require ongoing support and investment. Striking the delicate balance between influencing buying behaviour, encouraging investment and maintaining critical tax income will be a big challenge. SMMT is committed to working with the next government to make the changes now that will help the industry meet the even greater cuts in CO2 demanded in the future.”